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Southern Africa / Mozambique


Sanitation Verdict 11/20
Water Verdict 14/20
WASH % of gov. budget N/A
Key Facts
HDI Position (UNDP) 185/187
Population (millions, World Bank) 23.9
Child mortality rate (UNICEF) 8/1000
Annual child diarrhoea deaths (UNICEF) 10,700

The majority of data on this country page was provided by Zach White from WaterAid

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the eThekwini declaration)

Last edited by Zach White at WaterAid 6 months ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 11
Policy Did they sign eThekwini? 2


Is there a national sanitation policy? 2

2013 Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: (2)There is, but scattered among various sectoral policies (water,_environmental health, environment). what is lacking is a unified strategy and a clear assignment of responsibilities.

Is there one national sanitation plan to meet the MDG target? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment:(1)No. However, the Strategic Plan for Rural Water and Sanitation is used as the basis for PRONASAR. which has Annual Implementation Plans. The Strategic Plan for Urban Water and Sanitation is being finalized, with a view to being adopted by June.

Institutions What profile is given to sanitation within the PRSP? 2

2013 Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: (1)Sanitation is included, and sanitation indicators were strengthened in the monitoring framework. However, it still lacks sufficient emphasis, in the opinion of sector experts.

Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership? 0

2013 Trafficlight score: 0/1 Previous assessment: (1) Leadership is implicitly attributed to the Ministry of Public Works and Housing, with MOH playing an important a role in prormotion. However, the division of responsibilities between the sectoral entities is not explicitly defined.

Is there one coordinating body involving all stakeholders? 1

2013 Trafficlight score:0.5/1 Previous assessment: (1) no single entity

Finance Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation? 0

2013 Trafficlight score: 0/1 Previous assessment: (1)Budgetary resources are allocated to sanitation. However, it is not possible to monitor the total amount, because of off-budget activities and those under non-sectoral programs.

Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation? 1

Previous assessment: (0)lt would appear that the allocations for sanitation have not reached this level, however, this should be reviewed with the Ministry of Finance.

Is there a sanitation monitoring and evaluation (M+E) system? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: (1)Sanitation is included in the national sector infomwation system (SINAS) currently under development. However, it is the weakest part, and reliable data are scarce. The Joint Annual Review also considers sanitation, but not in depth.

Monitoring Do institutional sanitation programs include gender aspects? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: (2) yes, access for women, girls and people with disabilities IS taken into account in institutional sanitation projects

Verdict (out of 20) 11

WASH Finance

Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Financial indicators 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP N/A 1.61 N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions) N/A 148 N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions) N/A 5,020 N/A N/A N/A
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions) 73,900 N/A N/A N/A N/A
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF) 9,670 9,210 12,800 12,800 12,800
Average $US exchange rate for that year ( 27.5 34 29.1 29.1 29.1
Download Spreadsheet (csv) Read more about how this data is collected and calculated


from DFI research for WaterAid, contact John Garrett

Mozambique: Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Water Sanitation
47% 19%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments. shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys, the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access