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Central America

Summary

Country Sanitation Verdict Water Verdict WASH % of gov. budget
Belize 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Costa Rica 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
El Salvador 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Guatemala 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Honduras 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Mexico 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Nicaragua 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Panama 0/ 20 0/ 20 N/A
Download Spreadsheet (csv)

Sanitation Policy

Key:

2
= Good progress
1
= Some progress
0
= No progress
n/a
= Don't know
Country Total Policy Institutions Finance Monitoring
San. policy San. plan Priority in PRSP Single lead Coordinating body Capacity dev. Budget line Investment plan 0.5% GDP Monitoring
Belize 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Costa Rica 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
El Salvador 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Guatemala 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Honduras 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mexico 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Nicaragua 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Panama 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

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Policy
San. policy
Is there a national sanitation policy?
San. plan
Is there one national plan to meet the sanitation MDG target?
Priority in PRSP
Is adequate attention given to sanitation within the PRSP?
Institutions
Single lead
Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership on sanitation?
Coordinating body
Is there one coordinating body for sanitation involving all stakeholders?
Capacity dev.
Is there provision within the policy and investment plan for sanitation sector capacity development?
Finance
Budget line
Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation?
Investment plan
Is there a sector investment plan for sanitation?
0.5% GDP
Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation?
Monitoring
Monitoring
Is there a sanitation performance monitoring system?
Download Spreadsheet (csv)

Water Policy

Key:

2
= Good progress
1
= Some progress
0
= No progress
n/a
= Don't know
Country Total Policy Institutions Finance Monitoring
Water policy Water plan Targeting poor Lead ministry Clear roles Donors harmonising Capacity dev. Investment plan Adequate resource Monitoring
Belize 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Costa Rica 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
El Salvador 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Guatemala 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Honduras 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mexico 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Nicaragua 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Panama 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

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Policy
Water policy
Is there a comprehensive policy for water supply?
Water plan
Is there a plan for meeting the water MDG target or equivalent?
Targeting poor
Are there specific measures in the plan for targeting poor people, and addressing the interests of women?
Institutions
Lead ministry
Is there a lead ministry responsible for water supply?
Clear roles
Is there clear separation of institutional roles?
Donors harmonising
Are donors harmonising their support behind national sector plans?
Capacity dev.
Is there provision within the policy for water supply sector capacity development?
Finance
Investment plan
Is there a sector investment plan for water supply?
Adequate resource
Are actors responsible for delivering water supply services adequately resourced, particularly if local governments?
Monitoring
Monitoring
Is there an effective framework for performance monitoring?

WASH Finance for 2013

Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Country WASH Budget as % Gov. total WASH Budget as % GDP WASH Budget $US WASH Budget (local currency) Sanitation budget (local currency) Total gov. budget (local currency) GDP $US exchange rate $US
Belize N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1,470 2
Costa Rica N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 41,000 506
El Salvador N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 23,100 8.75
Guatemala N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 46,900 7.79
Honduras N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 17,300 18.9
Mexico N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1,160,000 12.4
Nicaragua N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 7,300 22.4
Panama N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30,700 1

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Financial Indicators
WASH Budget as % Gov. total
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget
WASH Budget as % GDP
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP
WASH Budget $US
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions)
WASH Budget (local currency)
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)
Sanitation budget (local currency)
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions)
Total gov. budget (local currency)
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions)
GDP $US
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF)
exchange rate $US
Average $US exchange rate for that year (xe.com)
Download Spreadsheet (csv)

Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Download Spreadsheet (csv)
Country Water Sanitation
Belize 99% 90%
Costa Rica 96% 94%
El Salvador 90% 70%
Guatemala 94% 80%
Honduras 89% 81%
Mexico 94% 85%
Nicaragua 85% 52%
Panama 94% 71%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments.

WASHwatch.org shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys‚ the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access

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