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Southern Asia / Pakistan


Sanitation Verdict 10/20
Water Verdict 9/20
WASH % of gov. budget N/A
Key Facts
HDI Position (UNDP) 146/187
Population (millions, World Bank) 177
Child mortality rate (UNICEF) 9/1000
Annual child diarrhoea deaths (UNICEF) 46,400

The majority of data on this country page was provided by Sandra Barrows from WaterAid Pakistan

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the SACOSAN declarations)

Last edited by Tim Brewer at WaterAid 7 months ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 10
Policy Is there one national plan and policy to meet the sanitation MDG target? 2

National Sanitation Action Plan has been developed. Provinces are now drafting their water and sanitation policies, strategies and provincial action plans

Is sanitation recognised as a human right, and are there specific initiatives are focusing on women and marginalised groups? 1

Not directly mentioned in constitution but sanitation policy recognises that right to health cannot be achieved without sanitation. Provincial policies do mention sanitation as a right. Few Govt. initiatives make reference to address the needs of women and vulnerable people,

Have specific actions have been taken to improve the working conditions of sanitary workers? 0

City Dist. Gov has taken some initiatives to improve the working condition of sanitary workers, but no national level initiative (SEE COMMENTS FOR FURTHER DISCUSSION)

Institutions Is there a clear institutional home taking leadership on sanitation? 1

At the national level Ministry of Environment is the institutional home for sanitation, but at the provincial level there is still not a clear home. Some progress has been made in two provinces by establishment of a directorate on WASH issues in NWFP and proposed regulatory authority in Punjab

Is there one coordinating body for sanitation involving all stakeholders? 1

There are several core groups: WATSAN partners, donors coordination groups, and CLTS Core Group. (SEE COMMENTS FOR FURTHER DISCUSSION)

Is there a plan for sanitation sector capacity development, especially of local governments? 1

There is no capacity building plan from Govt., but some NGOs have imparted trainings to LGIs on sanitation. ERRA is doing some capacity building of local Govt. but not at max scale. According to Govt. sources some courses on capacity building have been initiated at local government training academy

Finance Is there a public sector budget line for sanitation, and an investment plan to fund it? 1

PRSP-II (April 2009) sets out on-going and future initiatives in Section 9.20 including National Sanitation Policy roll out, Rural strategy for CLTS, IYS and GHWD, WASH in Schools, SLTS, and Sector coordination.

Is adequate priority given to sanitation within national development plans? 1

Key documents do refer to undertaking efforts for promoting sanitation like MTDF, PRSP, 10th Five Year Plan and Vision 2030

Has sanitation been sufficiently integrated into policies for (i) health, and (ii) emergencies? 1

(i) Draft health policy references sanitation but proposes no specific actions, and no significant initiative since SACOSAN-III. (ii) National and Provincial Disaster Management Authorities have WASH components during emergencies, and national WASH policies also have provisions for emergency

Monitoring Is there a sanitation performance monitoring system? 1

The National Sanitation Action Plan has monitoring mechanism. The National Water and Sanitation Implementation Committee has also met for the first time

Verdict (out of 20) 10

Water Policy

Last edited by Sandra Barrows at WaterAid Pakistan 9 months ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 9
Policy Is there a comprehensive policy for water supply? 2

Yes, National Drinking Water Policy is in place and can be accessed on:

Is there a plan for meeting the water MDG target or equivalent? N/A
Are there specific measures in the plan for targeting poor people, and addressing the interests of women? N/A
Institutions Is there a lead ministry responsible for water supply? 2

yes there are more than one ministries involved, like MOE Local Government science and technology and Special Initiatves

Is there clear separation of institutional roles? 1

kind of mixedup

Is there provision within the policy for water supply sector capacity development? 2

yes Ministry of science and technology is constantly running training sessions with the supply staff

Are donors harmonising their support behind national sector plans? 1

yes they are mostly harmonizing like WSP, UNICEF, NRSP WaterAid etc

Finance Is there a sector investment plan for water supply? N/A
Are actors responsible for delivering water supply services adequately resourced, particularly if local governments? N/A
Monitoring Is there an effective framework for performance monitoring? 1

yes drinking water quality is being monitored by ministry of science and technology on a regular basis. Bottled water is also tested .

Verdict (out of 20) 9

WASH Finance

Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Financial indicators 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget 1.03 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP 0.193 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions) 312 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions) 25,500 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions) 2,460,000 2,560,000 2,770,000 N/A N/A
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF) 162,000 177,000 211,000 211,000 211,000
Average $US exchange rate for that year ( 81.7 85.2 86.3 86.3 86.3
Download Spreadsheet (csv) Read more about how this data is collected and calculated

Pakistan: Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Water Sanitation
91% 47%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments. shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys, the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access