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Southern Africa / Swaziland


Sanitation Verdict 14/20
Water Verdict 0/20
WASH % of gov. budget N/A
Key Facts
HDI Position (UNDP) 141/187
Population (millions, World Bank) 1.2
Child mortality rate (UNICEF) 77/1000
Annual child diarrhoea deaths (UNICEF) 184

The majority of data on this country page was provided by Traffic Lights Publication 2011 from UNICEF/WaterAid/WSP

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the eThekwini declaration)

Last edited by Traffic Lights Publication 2011 at UNICEF/WaterAid/WSP 9 months ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 14
Policy Did they sign eThekwini? 0

No — however the country was represented at the AfricaSan +5 conference but the minister could not attend. The Country is in the process of reviewing the commitments for signing the declaration

Is there a national sanitation policy? 1

Sanitation is included in the National Health Policy (2007), and the National Environmental Health Policy (2002) the focus on sanitation will be strengthened by the National Water Policy which is currently still a draft

Is there one national sanitation plan to meet the MDG target? 2
Institutions What profile is given to sanitation within the PRSP? 1

The Swaziland Poverty Reduction Strategy and Action Plan (PRSAP, 2007) recognises Sanitation as a social characteristic associated with poverty. It recognises that deprivation of sanitation forms part of physiological and social deprivations.

Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership? 2
Is there one coordinating body involving all stakeholders? 2
Finance Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation? 2
Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation? 0

Swaziland currently has sanitation allocation in the public sector that is lower than 0.1% of GDP

Is there a sanitation monitoring and evaluation (M+E) system? 2

the country is embarking on a national water point source and sanitation mapping exercises, This exercise will now strengthen the existing M&E exercise in the office of Community Development in the Department of Water Affairs and the Environmental Health deartment in the minist of health.

Monitoring Do institutional sanitation programs include gender aspects? 2
Verdict (out of 20) 14

WASH Finance

Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Financial indicators 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF) 2,950 3,700 3,980 3,980 3,980
Average $US exchange rate for that year ( 8.47 7.32 7.26 7.26 7.26
Download Spreadsheet (csv) Read more about how this data is collected and calculated


Data from DFID research for WaterAid (contact John Garrett)

Swaziland: Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Water Sanitation
72% 57%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments. shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys, the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access