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Southern Africa / Madagascar


Sanitation Verdict 11/20
Water Verdict 11/20
WASH % of gov. budget N/A
Key Facts
HDI Position (UNDP) 151/187
Population (millions, World Bank) 21.3
Child mortality rate (UNICEF) 3/1000
Annual child diarrhoea deaths (UNICEF) 4,630

The majority of data on this country page was provided by Zach White from WaterAid

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the eThekwini declaration)

Last edited by Zach White at WaterAid 5 months ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 11
Policy Did they sign eThekwini? 0
Is there a national sanitation policy? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: (2) Madagascar possède une Politique et Stratégie Nationales de l'Assainissement (PSNA) validée par le politique gouvernement en 2008.

Is there one national sanitation plan to meet the MDG target? 2

2013 Trafficlight score:1/1 Previous assessment: (2) Madagascar dispose du Programme National d'Accès à I’Eau Potable et Mssainissement (PNAEPA) national pour la période 2008- 2012

Institutions What profile is given to sanitation within the PRSP? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: (1) ompte tenu de la situation politique actuelle du pays, Madagascar ne possède pas un plan national de profil de réduction de pauvreté à proprement parler.

Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: (1) Depuis 2008, le ministère en charge de l'eau est le responsable de Fassainissement. Selon la Politique et institution Stratégie Nationales de l’Assainissement à Madagascar.

Is there one coordinating body involving all stakeholders? 2

2013 Trafficlight score:1/1 Previous assessment: (0) Cet organe n'existe pas encore. En se référant à la politique et stratégie nationales de |’Assainissement, la organe de coordination du secteur assainissement revient au Comité interministériel PSNA

Finance Is there a sanitation monitoring and evaluation (M+E) system? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: (1) Le ministère en charge de l'assainissement a un système de gestion de base de données appelé « Base de données du secteur Eau et Assainissement » ou BDEA mais ce système n‘est pas à jour et n'est pas complètement opérationnel

Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation? 0

Previous assessment: (0) Le PIB alloué au secteur assainissement reste en deçà 01% à Madagascar.

Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation? 1

2013 Trafficlight score: 0.65/1 Previous assessment: (1) Selon la loi de finance, des rubriques sont prévues pour les différents aspects de l'assainissement à savoir pour ie réseau d'assainissement, les infrastructures autonomes et les infrastructures communautaires.

Monitoring Do institutional sanitation programs include gender aspects? 2

2013 Trafficlight score:0.75/1 Previous assessment: (2) Pour les latrines institutionnelles. dans les écoles ou Centres de Santé de Base, la séparation des cabines pour garçons et filles, hommes et femmes est déjà adoptée

Verdict (out of 20) 11

Water Policy

(Monitoring the Sharm el-Sheikh declaration)

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 11
Policy Is there a comprehensive policy for water supply? 2

The Water Law n° 98-029 was approved by the National Assembly on 19th December 1998. Different components of this law are already implemented.

Is there a plan for meeting the water MDG target or equivalent? 2

Water and Sanitation National Action Plan was approved by all actors working for water and sanitation during the sector annual review held in May 2008. This Plan explains how the water and sanitation sector will reach the objectives set up by the Madagascar Action Plan (which replaced PRSP) and implement the Water Law adopted in 1998. This Plan is completed by the Procedure Manual of the sector.

Are there specific measures in the plan for targeting poor people, and addressing the interests of women? 0

Equity and inclusion are one of the dimensions which are not highlighted in the Water Law in the Water and Sanitation National Action Plan.

Institutions Is there a lead ministry responsible for water supply? 2

The Ministry of water created by Decree n° 2008 – 766 on 25th of July 2009 leads the water sector. Its mission includes as well Integrated Water Resource Management. According to the Decree n° 2099-529 on 08th Mai 2009, the Ministry of water coordinates all the activities within the sector and plays its role as official referent and focal point for all stakeholders.

Is there clear separation of institutional roles? 1

Decree n° 2008 – 766 on 25th of July 2009 outlined the sharing responsibilities amongst actors. The sector still needs to develop its Modus operandi to avoid duplication and incite all actors to optimize its interventions.

Are donors harmonising their support behind national sector plans? 1

Donors and financial agencies set up a coordinating mechanism for sector financing. This mechanism did not work as expected and needs to be revitalized.

Is there provision within the policy for water supply sector capacity development? 1

The capacity building is one the Water and Sanitation National Action Plan components. The sector capacity buildings are included in each of the sector review recommendations since 2005. Their implementations are often challenging.

Finance Is there a sector investment plan for water supply? 1

The water investment plan does exist but its implementation is still a problem due to insufficiency of money and the lack of capacity.

Are actors responsible for delivering water supply services adequately resourced, particularly if local governments? 0

Stakeholders do not have required capacities and competencies for reaching the sector objectives. The local governments especially do not have adequate resources for implementation, regulation, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of the sector.

Monitoring Is there an effective framework for performance monitoring? 1

The water sector monitoring system is running since 2002. It has a problem of data feeding as stakeholders do not send information to the central government. The data from the monitoring system is a subject of debates amongst actors especially at international level.

Verdict (out of 20) 11

WASH Finance

Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Financial indicators 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP 0.461 0.274 0.448 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions) 39.2 23.9 44.6 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions) 76,600 50,000 90,200 N/A N/A
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF) 8,490 8,720 9,950 9,950 9,950
Average $US exchange rate for that year ( 1,960 2,090 2,030 2,030 2,030
Download Spreadsheet (csv) Read more about how this data is collected and calculated


data for 2006-8 is execution, and for 2009-11 it's budgeted

Madagascar: Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Water Sanitation
48% 14%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments. shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys, the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access