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Eastern Africa / Uganda


Sanitation Verdict 15/20
Water Verdict 14/20
WASH % of gov. budget N/A
Key Facts
HDI Position (UNDP) 161/187
Population (millions, World Bank) 34.5
Child mortality rate (UNICEF) 98/1000
Annual child diarrhoea deaths (UNICEF) 14,100

The majority of data on this country page was provided by Rebecca Alowo from WaterAid Uganda

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the eThekwini declaration)

Last edited by Zach White at WaterAid about 11 hours ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 15
Policy Did they sign eThekwini? 2
Is there a national sanitation policy? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: Yes, there is the “10 Year Improved Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Financing Strategy” saniataion is imbedded in ugandan environmental health policy.

Is there one national sanitation plan to meet the MDG target? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: Yes, the above strategy and the Uganda Action Plan to implement eThekwini

Institutions What profile is given to sanitation within the PRSP? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1

Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership? 1

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: Uganda has an Memoranda of understanding for the three ministries of Education; health; water and environment which share this role. The National sanitation working group offers some guidance and coordination role.

Is there one coordinating body involving all stakeholders? 2

Trafficlight score: 0.83/1 Previous assessment: There has been a “National Sanitation Working Group” since 2003

Finance Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: The following budget lines are now funded: Sanitation District Grants 090103 Promotion of sanitation and hygiene 090182 Construction of Sanitation Facilities 090205 Improved sanitation services and hygiene 090282 Construction of Sanitation Facilities

Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation? 0
Is there a sanitation monitoring and evaluation (M+E) system? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: There is ongoing work to establish an M&E system in districts and at national level. There are still problems with data harmonization.

Monitoring Do institutional sanitation programs include gender aspects? 0

Trafficlight score: 0.25/1

Verdict (out of 20) 15

Water Policy

(Monitoring the Sharm el-Sheikh declaration)

Last edited by Rebecca Alowo at WaterAid Uganda about 11 hours ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 14
Policy Is there a comprehensive policy for water supply? 2
Is there a plan for meeting the water MDG target or equivalent? 2

National Development Plan exists to meet the MDGs(former PEAP)supported by the Strategic Investment Plan for the Water and Sanitation sub sector.

Are there specific measures in the plan for targeting poor people, and addressing the interests of women? 1

The plan quotes The Water Sector Pro-poor Strategy, 2006 by the Directorate of Water Development as mesaeure though its implementation is weak.

Institutions Is there clear separation of institutional roles? 1
Is there a lead ministry responsible for water supply? 2

This ministry is the ministry of water and environment.Environment being a more recent addition after the removal of lands.

Are donors harmonising their support behind national sector plans? 2

Uganda has a well developed SWAP arragement that encourages to coordinate their support to teh sector.

Is there provision within the policy for water supply sector capacity development? 1

The following policies the Uganda Water Action Plan (1995) and The Water Policy (1999) make provision. While the laws[The Local Governments Act (2000), The Water Act (1995] but their implementation remains weak.

Finance Are actors responsible for delivering water supply services adequately resourced, particularly if local governments? 1

Local Governments receive funding from Central Government in the form of District Water and Sanitation Development Conditional Grant (DWSDCG).

Is there a sector investment plan for water supply? 1

According to sector funding requirements from Government of Uganda and Development partners , there is a sector funding gap of UGX: 986,523,000 for (2009 to 2015).

Monitoring Is there an effective framework for performance monitoring? 1

There is a sector performance framework with 11 key sector indicators.There need for aligned of indicators and defination with JMP, GLASS, Sector and UBOS.

Verdict (out of 20) 14

WASH Finance

Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Financial indicators 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget 3.77 3.1 3.09 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP 0.705 0.604 0.664 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions) 121 101 112 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions) 264,000 256,000 282,000 N/A N/A
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions) N/A 9,280 79,800 N/A N/A
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions) 7,000,000 8,260,000 9,110,000 N/A N/A
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF) 17,200 16,800 16,800 16,800 16,800
Average $US exchange rate for that year ( 2,180 2,520 2,520 2,520 2,520
Download Spreadsheet (csv) Read more about how this data is collected and calculated


The WASH budget (2006) represents both on and off budget support. The donor contribution that year was UGX 79,822 (Million). Absorption was 95%. For 2007 again this is both on and off budget. The donor contribution that year was UGX 42,053 (million). The absorption capacity was 84% with slow district releases cited. And week capacity of district to implement thus affecting expenditure. Again this is both on and off budget (2008). Donor contribution was UGX (million). Absorption capacity was 95%. 2009 Includes both on and off budget. The donor contribution is UGX 48,271 (million). Absorption capacity was 95.7%.

Uganda: Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Water Sanitation
75% 35%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments. shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys, the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access