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Eastern Africa / Tanzania


Sanitation Verdict 15/20
Water Verdict 4/20
WASH % of gov. budget N/A
Key Facts
HDI Position (UNDP) 152/187
Population (millions, World Bank) 46.2
Child mortality rate (UNICEF) 92/1000
Annual child diarrhoea deaths (UNICEF) 11,400

The majority of data on this country page was provided by Tim Brewer from WaterAid

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the eThekwini declaration)

Last edited by Zach White at WaterAid 6 months ago

See regional summary


= Good progress
= Some progress
= No progress
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 15
Policy Did they sign eThekwini? 2
Is there a national sanitation policy? 1

Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: In the final stages

Is there one national sanitation plan to meet the MDG target? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: Strategy needs to be revised to align with National Strategy for Reduction of Poverty ii (NSGRP ll) and national sanitation campaign

Institutions What profile is given to sanitation within the PRSP? 2

Trafficlight score:1/1 Previous assessment: New PRSP, known as National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty Ii (NSGRP il) (2010-2015), also includes improved sanitation definition.

Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Previous assessment: Good progress since AfricaSan 2. Ministry Of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW) is the clear principal accountable institution MoU defines lead and supporting institutions. Capacity and resources need more development.

Is there one coordinating body involving all stakeholders? 2

Trafficlight score: 0.79/1 Previous assessment: MoU'was signed by four key ministries (Health and Social Welfare, Education and Vocational training, Prime Minister’s office for Regional and Local Government and Water) in 2010. There is a National S_teering Committee for Sanitation and Hygiene ,

Finance Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation? 1

Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: There is a budget line for sanitation and hygiene for the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. LGA budgets under WSDP have not been used effectively. This expected to change when funds are released for the National Sanitation Campaign

Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation? 0

Previous assessment: Stakeholders do not know

Is there a sanitation monitoring and evaluation (M+E) system? 1

Trafficlight score: 0.5/1 Previous assessment: National surveys now include improved and unimproved sanitation. Definitions and targets have been set under the National Sanitation Campaign. Village registers are being tested in 10 districts and will be harmonised with the Ministry’s HMIS

Monitoring Do institutional sanitation programs include gender aspects? 2

Trafficlight score: 0.75/1 Previous assessment: There is legislation on provision on facilities for males and females in institutions. Provision of adequate toilet facilities for females and males needs to be addressed.

Verdict (out of 20) 15

WASH Finance

Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Financial indicators 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget 2.85 2.46 N/A N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP 0.963 0.884 1.47 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions) 206 202 349 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions) 272,000 285,000 548,000 N/A N/A
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions) 9,520,000 11,600,000 N/A N/A N/A
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF) 21,400 22,900 23,700 23,700 23,700
Average $US exchange rate for that year ( 1,320 1,410 1,570 1,570 1,570
Download Spreadsheet (csv) Read more about how this data is collected and calculated


Data comes from the Water Sector Development Programme (WSDP) reports. As Tanzania's financial year (FY) runs from July 1 to June 30, data is entered in the year for which that FY starts, e.g. data for FY2010-11 is entered in 2010 on WASHwatch. The WSDP has four components, one of which is Water Resource Management (WRM), and in each case WRM has been removed as WASHwatch only looks at water supply and sanitation. Both foreign and local contributions have been included.

Tanzania: Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Water Sanitation
53% 12%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments. shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys, the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access