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Eastern Africa / Rwanda

Summary

Sanitation Verdict 18/20
Water Verdict 0/20
WASH % of gov. budget N/A
Key Facts
HDI Position (UNDP) 167/187
Population (millions, World Bank) 10.9
Child mortality rate (UNICEF) 11/1000
Annual child diarrhoea deaths (UNICEF) 4,450

The majority of data on this country page was provided by Traffic Lights Publication 2011 from UNICEF/WaterAid/WSP washwatch@gmail.com

Sanitation Policy

(Monitoring the eThekwini declaration)

Last edited by Zach White at WaterAid 5 months ago

See regional summary

Key:

2
= Good progress
1
= Some progress
0
= No progress
n/a
= Don't know
Category Criteria Rating Justification
Verdict (out of 20) 18
Policy Did they sign eThekwini? 2
Is there a national sanitation policy? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Criteria: Is there a rural/ urban sanitation policy agreed by stakeholders and approved by cabinet (either gazetted as part of a national policy or as a standalone policy)?

Is there one national sanitation plan to meet the MDG target? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Criteria:Is there a sanitation plan (roadmap, strategy, eThekwini action plan, AfricaSan 3 Priority Action plan, SWAp etc) including clear roles and responsibilities, financing plan, timeframes and M+E system?

Institutions What profile is given to sanitation within the PRSP? 2

Trafficlight score:1/1 Criteria: Is there a sanitation plan (roadmap, strategy, eThekwini action plan, AfricaSan 3 Priority Action plan, SWAp etc) including clear roles and responsibilities, financing plan, timeframes and M+E system?

Is there a principal accountable institution to take leadership? 2

Trafficlight score: 0.76/1 Criteria: Is there a government agency with a clear mandate to lead and coordinate the policy development and planning of the rural urban sanitation and hygiene subsector? Previous assessment: On June 30,2008 the Cabinet Meeting decide that the Ministry of Infrastructure is in Charge of Sanitation

Is there one coordinating body involving all stakeholders? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Criteria: Is the ministry of education/health/water participating in sanitation coordination?

Finance Is there a specific public sector budget line for sanitation? 2

There is a discussion between the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Ministry of Finance and Planning to create a Sanitation specific budget line for Sanitation. The new strategic plan of Water Supply and Sanitation demonstrate new budget line for sanitation

Is 0.5% of GDP allocated to sanitation? 1
Is there a sanitation monitoring and evaluation (M+E) system? 2

Trafficlight score: 1/1 Criteria: Is there a national information system that covers sanitation and that is used to inform decisions /strategy and resource allocation for sanitation?

Monitoring Do institutional sanitation programs include gender aspects? 1

Trafficlight score:0.5/1 Criteria: Do national sanitation policies/strategies include specific provision for women, including menstrual hygiene management needs?

Verdict (out of 20) 18

WASH Finance

Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions)

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Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget

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Financial indicators 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Gov. WASH Budget as % of total budget 2.1 2 2.5 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget as % of GDP 0.633 0.595 0.708 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH budget (current $US, millions) 33.3 33.4 45.1 N/A N/A
Gov. WASH Budget (local currency, millions) 18,900 19,500 27,100 N/A N/A
Gov. budget for sanitation only (local currency, millions) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total Gov. budget (local currency, millions) 900,000 975,000 1,080,000 N/A N/A
GDP (current $US, millions, IMF) 5,250 5,620 6,380 6,380 6,380
Average $US exchange rate for that year (xe.com) 568 583 600 600 600
Download Spreadsheet (csv) Read more about how this data is collected and calculated

Remarks

MTEF Allocations, includes externally financed capital expenditures.

Rwanda: Access To WASH in 2011 (JMP 2013)

Water Sanitation
69% 61%

There are a number of ways to measure the proportion of people that have access to sanitation and water in a country. Governments often use a combination of management information systems and household surveys.

The official data which the UN uses to monitor progress on the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) comes from the WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). JMP aggregates data from household surveys carried out by governments.

WASHwatch.org shows JMP data because it is comparable across countries and uses the MDG definitions of access to sanitation and water. Some Governments prefer to quote the latest data from their household surveys, the best source of this information is the national statistics bureau or equivalent.

Read more about Monitoring Access

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